Clinical experience with linezolid for the treatment of neurosurgical infections
D. SOUSA, P. LLINARES, H. MEIJIDE, J.M. GUTIÉRREZ, E. MIGUEZ, E. SÁNCHEZ, L. CASTELO, A. MENA
Objectives: We sought to evaluate the clinical use of linezolid for the treatment of neurosurgical infections. Methods: Retrospective observational study of a cohort of hospitalized patients who received linezolid for a culture-positive neurosurgical infection from July 2004 to February 2009 in a tertiary hospital in Spain. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the study. Main comorbidities among these patients included one or more of the following: subarachnoidal or intraventricular hemorrhage (n=8), solid neurological cancer (n=7), corticosteroids(n=9) and hydrocephalus (n=6). Eight patients underwent acraniotomy and fourteen patients had an external ventriculardrainage (EVD) as predisposing factors for infection. Meningitis was the most common infection (11; 64.7%), followed by ventriculitis (4; 23.5%) and brain abscesses (2;11.8%). The main causative organisms were coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. (13; 76.5%). Linezolid was used as theinitial therapy in 8 episodes, after therapy failure in 6 and forother reasons in 3. The oral route was used in 9 (52.9%) episodes; linezolid was initiated orally in 2 cases. The mean duration of treatment was 26.5 days (range 15-58). No adverse events were reported. Sixteen (94.1%) patients were considered cured.There was one recurrence. The mean length of hospital stay was 45.6 (range 15-112) days and the mean duration of follow-up was 7.2 (range 0.4-32) months. No related deaths occurred during active episodes. Conclusions: Linezolid was mainly indicated in post-neurosurgical EVD-associated infections due to coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. It was used as initial therapy in most cases. A high rate of clinical cure was observed and no related adverse events were reported. More than half of the patients were benefited by the advantages of the oral route of administration.
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