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Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; December 13

Strategies for the management of invasive fungal infections due to filamentous fungi in high-risk hemato-oncological patients

CARLOS VALLEJO, JESÚS FORTÚN AND THE STUDY GROUP FOR IFI MANAGEMENT

Introduction. In recent years, the introduction of new antifungals for the prevention of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in hemato- oncological patients, particularly extended-spectrum azoles, has led to a change in the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for established or suspected breakthrough IFI. The aim of the study was to identify the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies used in the management of IFIs in hemato-oncological patients in Spain, and to assess compliance with the recommendations of the consensus documents and clinical practice guidelines.
Patients and Methods. An online, anonymous, cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and September 2016 involving 137 specialists from third-level hospitals in Spain with Departments of Hematology that regularly deal with IFIs.
Results. Galactomannan test was available to 95.6% of specialists, and was used in 61.7% of the cases for diagnostic confirmation and early treatment. The (1 → 3) β-D-glucan test was only available to 10.2%. A total of 75.3% of the participants estimated the incidence of breakthrough IFI due to filamentous fungus as being 1-10%. In turn, 83.3% of the participants decided a change in antifungal class after failure of prophylaxis, in concordance with the recommendations of the national and international consensus documents.
Conclusions. The present study, the first of its kind conducted in Spain, shows that a high percentage of the medical professionals implicated in the management of hemato-oncological patients at high risk of suffering IFIs follow the recommendations of the national and international consensus documents and guidelines.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; December 13  [Full-text PDF]