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Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; December 14

Antimicrobial activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam against multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from a Spanish hospital

ANA ISABEL LÓPEZ-CALLEJA, ELENA MORILLA MORALES, ROSSI NUÑEZ MEDINA, MARTA FERNÁNDEZ ESGUEVA, JUAN SAHAGÚN PAREJA, JUAN MANUEL GARCÍA-LECHUZ MOYA, ISABEL FERRER CERÓN, JESÚS VIÑUELAS BAYON, ANTONIO REZUSTA LÓPEZ

Objectives. Our objective was to evaluate the in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam against multidrug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) non metallo-β-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates at Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet (Zaragoza, Spain) from February 2016 to October 2017.
Material and methods. We evaluated the in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam and other antipseudomonal antibiotics against 12 MDR and 117 XDR non metallo-β-lactamase producing P. aeruginosa isolates. Ceftolozane-tazobactam minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by MIC gradient diffusion test strip.
Results. Among the 129 MDR/XDR isolates included, 119 (92.2%) were susceptible to ceftolozane-tazobactam, and ten (7.8%) were resistant. MIC50 was 2 mg/L, and MIC90 4 mg/L. Ceftolozane-tazobactam was the second most active antibiotic after colistin, overtaking amikacin.
Conclusions. Ceftolozane-tazobactam is a valuable treatment option for MDR and XDR P. aeruginosa infections in our setting.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; December 14  [Full-text PDF]