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Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; January 24

Analysis on the ambulatory usage of antibiotics at general hospitals in Asturias (2006-2015)

MARÍA LUISA SÁNCHEZ-NÚÑEZ, MANUEL JAVIER VALLINA-VICTORERO, MARÍA ROSARIO BACHILLER-LUQUE, JOSÉ MARÍA PINILLA SÁNCHEZ, JOSÉ MARÍA EIROS

Introduction. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) emphasize, in its report on health policies from 2017 that, Spain is one of the countries with largest consumption of antibiotics, 21.6 DHD (defined daily dose per 1000 inhibitants per day) in 2014 greater than the average 20.5 DHD in their countries, ranking according to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in the 11th place out of 30 European countries in 2016. The outpatient prescription of specialized care is analyzed less frequently, due to the greater contribution in consumption and expenditure of primary care.
Material and methods. A descriptive, observational, and retrospective study of the consumption and expenditure of the J01 group derived from outpatient prescription (outpatient and urgent care) of public hospitals in Asturias, in a period of ten years (2006-2015). Consumption data were obtained using the database of prescription billing of the Health Service of the Principality of Asturias, demographic data were provided by the National Institute of Statistics. Consumption was expressed in DHD and antibiotics expenditure in: expenditure per capita and expenditure in euros per defined daily dose.
Results. The average global ambulatory consumption for the period was 23.4 DHD, corresponding 11.5% (2.7 DHD) to the ambulatory specialty care prescription. In terms of expenditure, it accounted for 13.6% of overall outpatient spending on antibiotics.
Conclusions. Outlay and consumption had opposite tendencies, the expenditure control measures did not have or had little impact on consumption, therefore, independent and spe-cific rationalization measures are required in this area.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2017; Jan 24 [Texto completo PDF]