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Rev Esp Quimioter 2017; 30(1):14-18 PDF Imprimir E-mail

Assessment of antibiotic prophylaxis adequacy in rectal surgery                    

JUAN ANTONIO DEL-MORAL-LUQUE, ENRIQUE COLÁS-RUIZ, PABLO GIL-YONTE, JOSÉ MARÍA FERNÁNDEZ-CEBRIÁN, MARÍA CONCEPCIÓN VILLAR-DEL-CAMPO, ALBERTO DELGADO-IRIBARREN, JOSÉ FRANCISCO VALVERDE-CÁNOVAS, GIL RODRÍGUEZ-CARAVACA           

Introduction. Antibiotic prophylaxis is the most suitable tool for preventing surgical site infection (SSI), so the development of guidelines and assessment of its monitoring is essential. In this study protocol compliance of antibiotic prophylaxis in rectal surgery and the effect of its adequacy in terms of pre-ention of SSI was assessed.
Material and methods. Prospective cohort study was conducted from 1 January 2009 to 30 December 2015. The degree of compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis and causes of non-compliance in rectal surgery was evaluated. The incidence of SSI was studied after a maximum period of 30 days of incubation. To assess the effect of prophylaxis non-compliance on SSI the relative risk (RR) adjusted with the aid of a logistic regression model was used.
Results. The study covered a total of 244 patients. The patients infected reached 20 cases with a SSI cumulative incidence of 8.2% (CI95%: 4.8-11.6). Antibiotic prophylaxis was indicated in all patients and was administered in 98% of cases, with an overall protocol compliance 92.5%. The principal cause of non-compliance was the choice of antibiotic 55.6% (n=10). The effect of inadequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis on surgical infection was RR=0.58, CI95%: 0.10-4.10 (P>0.05).
Conclusions. Compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis was high. No relationship between the adequacy of prophylaxis and incidence of surgical site infection in rectal surgery was found.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2017; 30(1):14-18  [pdf]