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Rev Esp Quimioter 2017, 30(2):127-130 PDF Imprimir E-mail

Fluconazole-containing agar Sabouraud dextrose plates are not useful when screening for susceptibility in Candida albicans                     

MARÍA ÁNGELES BORDALLO-CARDONA, LAURA JUDITH MARCOS-ZAMBRANO, ELIA GÓMEZ G. DE LA PEDROSA, PILAR ESCRIBANO, EMILIO BOUZA, JESÚS GUINEA, RAFAEL CANTÓN           

Introduction. Fluconazole is an alternative for candidemic patients who are not critically ill. Fluconazole is mainly fungistatic and does not completely inhibit visual Candida albicans growth. We studied the usefulness of fluconazole-containing Sabouraud dextrose agar plates for detecting susceptibility to fluconazole in C. albicans.
Material and methods. Adjusted inocula of 19 isolates were transferred directly onto fluconazole-containing Sabouraud dextrose plates (concentrations ranging from 0.125 mg/L to 128 mg/L). The fluconazole MIC in fresh isolates and after growth on the fluconazole-containing plate at 128 mg/L was recorded following the EUCAST EDef 7.2 guidelines. Then isolates were classified according to their degree of trailing production, based on microdilution procedure.
Results. All isolates were able to grow on all fluconazole-containing plates, even those isolates susceptible to fluconazole. In fact, we selected isolates with different degrees of trailing based on microdilution procedures. 50% of isolates classified as heavy trailers, 35.71% as moderate trailers, and 14.28% as slight trailers.
Conclusions. The use of fluconazole-containing Sabouraud dextrose agar plates was not a reliable method to detect fluconazole susceptibility in C. albicans isolates; growth of the isolates was a trailing effect rather than true resistance.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2017; 30(2):127-130  [pdf]