Rev Esp Quimioter 2010:23(4):190-195
Significance of lower respiratory tract cultures yielding Aspergillus spp. growth in a hospital without transplant patients
P. LUCENA, J. BARBERÁN, G. EROLES, J. J. GRANIZO, M. J. GIMÉNEZ, N. MIR, L. AGUILAR, J. PRIETO
Introduction: Isolation of Aspergillus spp. in non-neutropenic, non-transplant patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) usually treated with corticosteroids is not easily interpretable. A retrospective review of clinical records corresponding to cultures (respiratory samples) yielding Aspergillusspp. in non- transplant patients was carried out.
Methods: Patients were assigned to four categories: colonization, possible, probable or definitive aspergillosis. A logistic regression model (step–wise procedure) was performed using as dependent variable mortality, and as independent variables those showing differences (p≤0.1) in the bivariant analysis.
Results:Sixty-nine patients were identified. Most were elderly (68.1% ≥65 years), male (73.9%), presented comorbidities(84.1% Charlson index ≥3), COPD (76.8%), were receiving high corticosteroid doses (66.7%), and had previously received antibiotics (94.2%). Forty-five cases were colonizations, 4 possible, 15 probable and 5 definitive aspergillosis. A. fumigatus was isolated in 75.4% patients: 66.7% colonized, 75% possible,93.3% probable and 100% definitive aspergillosis. Colonized patients were older (71.9 ± 11.9 vs. 65.1 ± 9.2 years; p= 0.018) and presented higher (p=0.034) comorbidity index than patients with aspergillosis. Mortality was 31.1% in colonized vs. 62.5% in aspergillosis (p=0.012).
Conclusion: The isolation of A. fumigatus was associated with an increased probability of aspergillosis, with statistical association in the multivariate analysis between mortality and variables related to chemotherapy (no antifungal treatment), disease (diagnostic category) and immunity (leukocytosis).
Rev Esp Quimioter 2010:23(4):190-195 [pdf]