Rev Esp Quimioter 2017, 30(5): 350-354
Influence of initial protocolized treatment with steroids in length of stay and costs of community acquired pneumonia
JOAQUÍN GÓMEZ GÓMEZ, JORGE-LUIS GÓMEZ TORRES, ALICIA HERNÁNDEZ TORRES, JOSÉ ANTONIO GARCÍA CÓRDOBA, MANUEL CANTERAS JORDANA
Objective. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of steroid treatment in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP), both in length of stay and economical cost of admission at a clinical university hospital.
Patients and methods. Prospective study of admitted patients with the diagnosis of CAP, both in Internal Medicine and Infectious diseases department. The study was conducted from January to march 2015; patients receiving steroids from diagnosis to end of antibiotic treatment were classified as group I; otherwise, they were considered in group II. Administration of steroids was done according to the criteria of the responsible. Cost was stablished according to CAP Diagnostic Related Group (DRG).
Results. Prevalence of patients younger than 65 year-old was higher in group I (p<0.05). In bivariate analyses, mean admission time was lower in group I (5.37 vs 8.88 days) (p<0.0005) and also economical cost (2,361 euros vs 3,907 euros) (p<0.0005). In multivariate analysis, factors independently associated to higher cost (>3,520 euros) were COPD (OR=2.602; 95% CI 1.074-6.305) and group II (patients with no steroids) (OR=6.2; p=0,007).
Conclusions. No administration of steroids in patients with CAP was associated, together with COPD, with higher economical cost (evaluated by DRG/length of stay).
Rev Esp Quimioter 2017; 30(5): 350-354 [Texto completo – PDF]