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Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; July 19

Epidemiology of Q fever in Spain (2018)

JOSÉ LUIS PÉREZ-ARELLANO, CRISTINA CARRANZA RODRÍGUEZ, CARLOS GUTIERREZ, MARGARITA BOLAÑOS RIVERO

Q fever is an anthropozoonosis whose causative agent is Coxiella burnetii, which has an important impact from the human and animal health point of view. In this review, a brief historical reference of the infection by C. burnetii and Q fever has been made initially. In a second section the basic epidemiological aspects of this infection are described (reservoirs/ sources of infection, form of transmission and epidemiological forms). Subsequently, the data of the infection by C. burnetii in Spain will be are indicated, particularly the clinical series, the seroepidemiological studies in humans, the affectation of different types of mammals and the participation of the ticks in the biological cycle. In addition, basic data on C. burnetii infection/ disease in other regions of the world will be are also included. Finally, and taking into account the previous data will indicate the main epidemiological characteristics of Q fever at present.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; July 19 [Texto completo PDF]