Rev Esp Quimioter 2010:23(2):81-86

Activity of daptomycin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin and cotrimoxazole against coagulase-negative Staphylococcus strains with diminished susceptibility to vancomycin



Introduction. Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CNS) have become one of the most common nosocomial pathogens and it has a high mortality rate due to the increased of seriously ill patients survival, long states immunosuppression and presence of foreign bodies, such as catheters, prostheses, pacemakers, etc. In addition, there is a significant increase in resistance to antimicrobial drugs, especially beta-lactams, and the increase in the MIC for vancomycin leads to a loss of clinical efficacy. This necessitates the search for new therapeutic alternatives, such as daptomycin. The aim of this paper is to study the activity of daptomycin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin and cotrimoxazole in two groups of clinically significant CNS. a MIC90 with vancomycin ≤ 1 mg/L and the other with MIC90 2 mg/L.
Methods. We identified and studied MIC90 to ciprofloxacin, clindamycin and cotrimoxazole from 54 strains of clinically significant by the CNS Combo 22 Microscan panels (Dade Behring, Siemens). The MIC90 for daptomycin was performed using Etest (AB BioMérieux, Solna, Sweden) on Mueller Hinton plates (BioMérieux, France).

Results. In Group I (vancomycin MIC90 ≤ 1 mg/L) were 19 strains whereas in Group II (vancomycin MIC90 = 2 mg/L) were 35 strains. Expressed in mg/L, MIC90 ranges for daptomycin were 0.047-0.5 in Group I and 0.064-0.5 in Group II. For ciprofloxacin were 8 sensitive strains and 11 resistant in Group I and 10 sensitive and 25 resistant in Group II. For clindamycin were 7 sensitive strains and 12 resistant in Group I and 16 sensitive and 19 resistant in Group II. Finally, for cotrimoxazole were 10 sensitive strains and 9 resistant in Group I and 19 sensitive and 16 resistant in Group II.
Conclusions. The MIC levels to daptomycin were not influenced by the increase in the MIC for vancomycin. There was no statistically significant difference for the sensitivity of ciprofloxacin between the two groups of vancomycin. Regardless of vancomycin, there were a clear relationship between the sensitivity of ciprofloxacin with clindamycin and cotrimoxazole.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2010:23(2):81-86 [pdf]