Rev Esp Quimioter 2011:24(2):79-83

Do general practitioners follow the therapeutical recommendations of cystitis in women?. INURA study   



Objective: The management of lower urinary tract infections varies from physician to physician. The aim of this study was to assess whether general practitioners follow the evidence-based guidelines for the management of cystitis in women.
Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out from March to July 2009 in which physicians consecutively registered in a template during a 8-week period the first six episodes of cystitis by means attended at the medical consultation. Age, episode of infection, associated morbidity, antibiotic prescription, and type of antibiotic course (short or long regimen) were determined.
Results: Out of 176 physicians invited to participate, 110 included 658 women with lower urinary tract infections with antibiotic treatment being administered in 634 cases. Short courses were given to 385 women (60.7%) and 249 women were given long schedules (39.3%). A total of 343 out of all noncomplicated cystitis were treated with short courses (62.9%) and 75 out of complicated cystitis were treated with long courses (66.4%). First-choice antibiotics were administered as empiric treatment in only 111 women (17.5%).
Conclusions: These results highlight a poor adherence of general practitioners to current recommendations of clinical practice guidelines in cystitis with a low utilization of first-choice antibiotics.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2011:24(2):79-83 [pdf]