Rev Esp Quimioter 2011:24(3):127-130

In vitro activity of retapamulin against linezolid and methicillin–resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates       

F. J. CANDEL, G. MORALES, J. J. PICAZO           



Objectives: To determine the in vitro activity of retapamulin and other topical antibiotics (mupirocin, bacitracin, and fusidic acid) usually employed for nasal decolonization, against methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and linezolid and methicillin–resistant S. aureus.
Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined on Mueller-Hinton agar according to the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute and of the European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. Presence of the cfr gene in linezolid and methicillin–resistant S. aureus isolates was detected using polymerase chain reaction.
Results: Retapamulin inhibited all the isolates of MSSA and MRSA at 0.125 mg/L, but the 18 linezolid-resistant-MRSA strains proved resistant, with MICs over 32 mg/L. Most MSSA isolates (9/10) were susceptible to mupirocin with MICs under 0.19 mg/L, although this value decreased to half against MRSA, and almost all linezolid-resistant MRSA (17/18) strains were resistant to mupirocin with an MIC range of between 8 mg/L and 28 mg/L. The MIC of fusidic acid increased substantially against linezolid-resistant MRSA, whereas that of bacitracin showed no differences.
Conclusions: Retapamulin demonstrated excellent in vitro activity against MSSA and MRSA strains, but not against MRSA isolates harbouring the cfr gene. The results of this in vitro study support cut-off values for retapamulin of ≤ 0.5, 1, and ≥ 2 mg/L for susceptible, intermediate, and resistant strains, respectively.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2011:24(3):127-130 [pdf]