Rev Esp Quimioter 2012:25(2):155-160
Pneumococcal bacteremia in adult patients at a hospital in Madrid: serotypes and susceptibility
M. CORREA, J. C. SANZ, C. DE LAS CUEVAS, A. GUIU, D. DOMINGO, T. ALARCÓN, M. LÓPEZ-BREA
Introduction. The aim of this study is to describe the distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes, its antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and the relation with vaccines in pneumococcal invasive strains isolated from blood cultures of adult patients.
Methods. All pneumococci isolated (67 strains) from blood cultures were serotyped by latex agglutination (Pneumotest latex) and Quellung reaction (Statens Serum Institut, Denmark). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to penicillin (PEN), cefotaxime (CT), erythromycin (ERY) and levofloxacin (LEV) was performed by the E-test method (Biomèrieux, France).
Results. Among the 67 strains isolated, the most prevalent serotypes were 22F (11.9%) and 3 (11.9%), the second most frequent were 7F (7.5%) and 19A (7.5%). The coverage of the strains by the pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (VNC7V), pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine (VNC13V) and pneumococcal 23-valent polysaccharide (VNP23V) were 16, 49 and 82%, respectively. Serotypes 22F and 3 were responsible for 14 of the 48 episodes of pneumonia with bacteremia (29.2%) and only 2 of the 19 episodes (10.5%) of bacteremia without pneumonia. According to the 2007 CLSI criteria, 12 strains (17.9%) were non-susceptible to penicillin. Eleven of this 12 strains (91.7%) were resistant to erythromycin, simultaneously.
Conclusions. The most common serotypes were 22F, 3, 7F y 19A. Three of them (3, 7F y 19A) are serotypes that are covered by the new VNC13V but not by VNC7V. Serotype 22F is a serotype emergent that is not covered by the VNC7V. The percentage of non-susceptibility to penicillin and resistance to erythromycin was comparable to the percentage reported in our country.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2012:25(2):155-160 [pdf]