Rev Esp Quimioter 2012:25(3):194-198

Long-term outcome of acute prosthetic joint infections due to gram-negative bacilli treated with retention of prosthesis                 

N. JAÉN, J. C. MARTÍNEZ-PASTOR, E. MUÑOZ-MAHAMUD, S. GARCÍA-RAMIRO, J. BOSCH, J. MENSA, A. SORIANO                                                                          

Objective: To update the clinical information of the 47 patients with a prosthetic joint infection due to Gram-negative bacilli included in a previous study and to reassess the predictors of failure after a longer follow-up.
Methods: Using the electronic files of our hospital, all the information regarding readmissions to the hospital, new surgical procedures and the reason for the new surgery (infection, aseptic loosening), and the last visit in the hospital were registered. The medical chart of the 35 patients that were considered in remission in the previous publication was reviewed.
Results: In 30 patients no clinical evidence of failure was detected and no additional surgery on the previously infected prosthesis was necessary and they were considered in long-term remission. In 5 cases a late complication was identified. One case had a reinfection due to coagulase-negative staphylococci after 22 months from the open debridement and required a 2-stage revision surgery. The other 4 cases developed an aseptic loosening and it was necessary to perform a 1-stage exchange. Receiving a fluoroquinolone when all the Gram-negatives involved in the infection were susceptible to fluoroquinolones was the only factor associated with remission in the univariate analysis (p=0.002).
Conclusion: After a long-term follow-up, our results support the importance of using fluoroquinolones in acute PJI due to Gram-negative bacilli.


Rev Esp Quimioter 2012:25(3):194-198 [pdf]