Rev Esp Quimioter 2012:25(4):245-251

Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic evaluation of respiratory fluoroquinolones. Guideline to selection of the most appropriate fluoroquinolone                   

J. PARRA-RUIZ, J. HERNÁNDEZ-QUERO                                                

Since its approval, fluoroquinolones have become one of the most prescribed antibacterial agents. Because of its widespread use, serious concerns about the emergence of resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas spp, and entrobacteriaceae, has arisen, especially because of cross-resistance between fluoroquinolones.
Huge efforts has been done to identify pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters like maximum serum concentration (Cmax), area under the curve of serum concentrations (AUC) and pharmacodynamic (PD) parameters like the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) or the mutant prevention concentration (MPC), to optimize the use of the new fluoroquinolones, especially against these difficult to treat microorganisms.
The new fluoroquinolones commercially available in Spain, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin, have significant differences in their PK (Cmax, half-life, volume of distribution, etc), PD (MIC, MPC,) and in their PK/PD parameters (AUC/MIC; AUC/MPC) that allow clinicians to establish clear preference for the utilization of one of them.
Proper use of these new fluoroquinolones according to these PK/PD parameters will result in better management of respiratory infections with a reduction in the emergence of resistance. Based on data reviewed in this paper moxifloxacin use, with best PK/PD characteristics, should be preferred over levofloxacin. Should levofloxacin be used, alternative dosing strategies would be recommended to avoid selection of resistant variants.  


Rev Esp Quimioter 2012:25(4):245-251 [pdf]