Rev Esp Quimioter 2013:26(4):287-297

Immunization practices for workers. Update recommendations


Introduction. Infectious diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the workplace. Worker vaccination against a number of infectious diseases is considered the most effective strategy of primary prevention to control them.
Sources. A literature review was performed in Medline and websites of Spanish scientific societies were consulted to detect workers vaccination recommendations. The inclusion criteria was that the recommendation had been made from January 2007 to October 2012.
Development. Seventeen papers were selected and websites of the Ministry of Health, Spanish Society of Chemotherapy, Spanish Society of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and Hygiene, and Vaccinology Spanish Association provided relevant information to our review. Groups of workers at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases during their professional activity were determined, and vaccination recommendations were established (vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, pneumococcus, meningococcus, measles, rubella, mumps, chickenpox, influenza, Haemophilus influenzae b, typhoid, polio, tuberculosis and rabies).
Conclusions. Epidemiological changes in recent years, with the re-emergence of some diseases such as whooping cough, measles or mumps, force the exposed workers (especially the health care workers) to check their immune status.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2013:26(4):287-297 [pdf]