Rev Esp Quimioter 2013:26(2):108-111
Serological markers of Spanish and immigrant pregnant women in the south of Madrid during the period 2007-2010
FÁTIMA LÓPEZ-FABAL, JOSÉ LUÍS GÓMEZ-GARCÉS
Objective. The prevalence and evolution of the markers including in the serologic profile of pregnant woman was studied in our hospital during a period of 4 years.
Material and methods. A retrospective study of the prevalence of antibodies against Treponema pallidum, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Toxoplasma gondii, rubeola virus and hepatitis B virus (HBV), was performed in our hospital among Spanish and immigrant pregnant women, from January 2007 to December 2010.
Results. A total of 8,012 pregnant were studied, 2,752 (34.2%) of them were foreign. The non-treponemal tests (RPR) were positive in 40 (0.49%) women, being the prevalence slightly superior in foreigners than in natives (0.8 as opposed to 0.3%). The IgG anti-T. gondii global prevalence was 23,35% (1,874 patients). In Spanish pregnant this prevalence was 18%, and 33.8% in the immigrant women. Almost the total of Spanish pregnant (99.5%) displayed IgG antibodies against rubeola virus whereas in the foreigners this rate was 61.6%. The presence of HBsAg for HBV was tested in 86.6% of pregnant women (6,939/8,012), being positive the 0.75% (59 patients), with a prevalence in foreigners greater than in Spanish (1.65 as opposed to 0.4%). Antibodies anti-HVI were detected in 22 patients (0.22%), being the prevalence 0.15% among the Spanish and 0.51% among the foreigners.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2013:26(2):108-111 [pdf]