Rev Esp Quimioter 2016, 29(4):183-189

A program for optimizing the use of antimicrobials (PROA): experience in a regional hospital                     


Introduction. Programs for optimizing the use of antibiotics (PROA) or antimicrobial stewardship programs are multidisciplinary programs developed in response to the increase of antibiotic resistant bacteria, the objective of which are to improve clinical results, to minimize adverse events and to reduce costs associated with the use of antimicrobials. The implementation of a PROA program in a 128-bed general hospital and the results obtained at 6 months are here reported.
Methods. An intervention quasi-experimental study with historical control group was designed with the objective of assessing the impact of a PROA program with a non-restrictive intervention model to help prescription, with a direct and bidirectional intervention. The basis of the program is an optimization audit of the use of antimicrobials with not imposed personalized recommendations and the use of information technologies applied to this setting. The impact on the pharmaceutical consumption and costs, cost per process, mean hospital stay, percentage of readmissions to the hospital are described.
Results. A total of 307 audits were performed. In 65.8% of cases, treatment was discontinued between the 7th and the 10th day. The main reasons of treatment discontinuation were completeness of treatment (43.6%) and lack of indication (14.7%). The reduction of pharmaceutical expenditure was 8.59% (P = 0.049) and 5.61% of the consumption in DDD/100 stays (P=0.180). The costs by processes in general surgery showed a 3.14% decrease (p=0.000).
Conclusion. The results obtained support the efficiency of these programs in small size hospitals with limited resources.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2016; 29(4):183-189 [pdf]