Rev Esp Quimioter 2016, 29(4):195-201

Adequacy of treatment with ertapenem according to the criterion approved for the infection´s commission of a specialty hospital                     


Introduction. The inappropriate use of antibiotics in our environment increases the risk of multi-resistant bacteria, therefore it is necessary to present studies to meet and promote the proper use of antimicrobial.
Methods. Retrospective observational study in which patients who are receiving ertapenem during the period of stady (5 ½ months), were included. The adequacy of the indication to the conditions of use agreed in the Hospital was evaluated and the evolution of the treatment was monitored until the end, determining the degree of therapeutic de-escalation.
Results. 84 ertapenem prescriptions were included. The vast mayority of the prescriptions were carried out by Internal Medicine (41.7%) and the main indication was urinary tract infection (47.2%). Microbiological cultures were requested in the 75% of the patients before the first dose of ertapenem. The prescription was adapted in 69 (82.14%) of ertapenem patients to the criteria approved by the Hospital. Regarding the evolution of antibiotic therapy, treatment with ertapenem continued until resolution of the infection in 58.33% of patients. In 15 of 23 (66.21%) patients with the possibility of therapeutic de-escalation it was performed after 2-3 days of empirical treatment.
Conclusions. The vast majority of treatments ertapenem fit the criteria of prescription our Hospital. The high percentage of patients with microbiological results available, allowed in many patients the appropriate adjustment of the treatment in the first 72 hours.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2016; 29(4):195-201 [pdf]