Rev Esp Quimioter 2016;29(1):15-24
Bacteraemia and infection of the vascular catheter in the haematology patient: positioning and management based on the Delphi method
JOSE RAMÓN AZANZA-PEREA, JAVIER LÓPEZ-JIMÉNEZ, ROCÍO PARODY-PORRAS, MIGUEL SALAVERT-LLETÍ, CARLOS SOLANO, DAVID VALCÁRCEL, CARLOS VALLEJO-LLAMAS, LOURDES VÁZQUEZ-LÓPEZ, PABLO RIVAS-GONZÁLEZ
Introduction. Infectious complications are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in haematological patients with febrile neutropenia. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus document of recommendations to optimize the management of febrile neutropenic patients with haematological or vascular catheter infections in areas where there is no solid scientific evidence.
Materials and Methods. After reviewing the scientific evidence, a scientific committee composed of experts in haematology and infectious diseases developed a survey with 55 statements. A two- round modified Delphi method was used to achieve consensus.
Results. The online survey was answered by 52 experts in the field of haematology and infectious diseases. After two rounds of evaluation, a consensus was possible in 43 of the 55 statements (78.2%): 40 in agreement and 3 in disagreement. Recommendations are given related to empirical antibiotic treatment of patients with febrile neutropenia, mechanisms of action, toxicity and synergism of antibiotics in this context, modifications of antibiotic treatment in the course of febrile neutropenia, and the management of central vascular catheter infections in the haematological setting.
Conclusions. There is a high degree of agreement among experts on some controversial issues concerning the management of febrile neutropenia and catheter infection in hematologic patients. This agreement has resulted in recommendations that may be useful in clinical practice.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2016;29(1):15-24 [pdf]