Rev Esp Quimioter 2017; 30 (Suppl. 1): 34-38
|Antimicrobial management in nosocomial peritonitis: microbiota, drug and time
ANA MONTERO, PATRICIA SALGADO ARANDA, FERNANDO GILSANZ, EMILIO MASEDA
Complicated intra-abdominal infection requires surgical treatment and broad-spectrum empiric antibiotic treatment used early. The rapid spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria has become a serious threat, especially in critical care units. The excessive use of carbapenems has led to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, leaving tigecycline and colistin as therapeutical options. The new antimicrobials, ceftazidime-avibactam and ceftolozane-tazobactam open new horizons in the treatment of multi-drug resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Candida peritonitis causes a high mortality in the critical patient. Diagnosis and early treatment are associated with a better prognosis, the administration of an echinocandin being of choice in these patients.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2017; 30 (Suppl. 1): 34-38 [pdf]