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Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; December 4

Three keys to the appropriate choice of oral antibiotic treatment in the respiratory tract infections  

ROSARIO MENÉNDEZ, RAFAEL CANTÓN, ANDREA GARCÍA-CABALLERO, JOSÉ BARBERÁN

Exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and community-acquired pneumonia are the most frequent infections of the lower respiratory tract in daily clinical practice. Antibiotic selection is a crucial component in its treatment and, in most cases, it is performed empirically. Scientific societies make therapeutic recommendations based on scientific evidence and / or expert recommendations that are of great help to clinicians. Beta-lactams, fluoroquinolones and macrolides are the most commonly used drugs for oral administration. From a practical point of view, there are three keys to the appropriate choice of oral antibiotic treatment, which are the effectiveness, safety and the ecological impact on the patient’s microbiota, including the development of resistance, which will be assessed in depth in this review.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; December 4 [Texto completo PDF]