Rev Esp Quimioter 2021; 34(4): 353-364
Map of sexually transmitted disease care in Spanish emergency departments
ÒSCAR MIRÓ, EMÍLIA MIRÓ, ERIC JORGE GARCÍA-LAMBERECHTS, ALBERTO VILLAMOR ORDOZGOITI, JUAN GONZÁLEZ DEL CASTILLO
Published: 1 June 2021
Objective. To determine the approaches used in Spanish emergency departments (EDs) in patients suspected of having sexually transmitted diseases (STD) analysed according to the size of the hospital, ED census and autonomous community.
Material and methods. Questionnaire to the heads of 282 public EDs (7/24) related to emergency routines for patients with suspected STD. Results compared using odds-ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) according to hospital size (large vs medium-small: ≥500 vs. <500 beds) and ED census (high vs. medium-low: ≥200 vs. <200 patients/day), by autonomous community.
Results. A total of 250 EDs responded (89%). With protocol for STD 36% of EDs [>60% Catalonia, Vasque Country, more in large hospitals (LH), (OR=2.65, 95%CI=1.46-4.82) and high census (HCEN) EDs, (OR=3.49, 95%CI=2.03-5.98)]. 70% obtained exudate sampling (>80% Catalonia, Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha, Aragón, Navarra, Vasque Country), 44% STD serology (>60% Madrid) and 35% HIV serology [(>60% Navarra, Baleares; more in LH (OR=2.43, 95%CI=1.34-4.42) and HCEN EDs (OR=1.94, 95%CI=1.15-3.29)]. At discharge, follow-up in hospital outpatients clinics 53% of EDs [>60% Catalonia, Comunidad Valenciana, Murcia, Castilla-La Mancha, Vasque Country, Asturias; more in LH (OR=2.45, 95%CI=1.31-4.57) and HCEN EDs (OR=2.25, 95%CI=1.35-3.76)] and by primary care 28% (>80% Cantabria). In 55% of EDs, patients are discharged with a scheduled follow-up (>80% Extremadura, La Rioja, Navarra) and 32% visit next workday [>60% Vasque Country; more in LH (OR=3.43, 95%CI=1.87-6.30) and HCEN EDs (OR=3.63, 95%CI=2.08-6.37)].
Conclusion. The care of patients with suspected STD is not homogeneous in Spanish EDs. Areas of improvement were detected, especially the need for specific diagnostic and follow-up protocols.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2021; 34(4): 353-364 [Texto completo PDF]