Rapid AST: Possibility of inferring resistance mechanisms with complex phenotypes
JORGE LIGERO-LÓPEZ, IKER FALCES-ROMERO, ALFONSO ARANDA-DÍAZ, DIANA GARCÍA-BALLESTEROS, JULIO GARCÍA-RODRÍGUEZ, EMILIO CENDEJAS-BUENO
Published: 8 November 2023
The new automated systems designed for rapid performance of AST have significantly reduced the response time for susceptibility testing of microorganisms causing bacteremia and sepsis. The Accelerate Pheno® system (AAC) is one such system. Our objective for this study was to determine whether the AAC system is capable of providing an accurate susceptibility profile to infer resistance mechanisms in different carbapenemase-producing isolates when compared to the MicroScan WalkAway System (MWS). Disk diffusion method was also performed on all isolates as a reference method. Additionally, we compared the results obtained with the routine AST production system. We selected 19 isolates from the cryobank of the Microbiology department, all of which were carbapenemase-producing gram-negative bacilli. AAC was able to identify and infer the resistance of a total of 10 isolates, with an EA and CA of 84.2% for meropenem and 88.2% and 64.7% for ertapenem EA and CA, respectively. If we consider the disk diffusion technique, the CA was 57.9% and 76.5% for meropenem and ertapenem. However, in the presence of carbapenemases, AAC was not able to provide adequate MICs or infer the resistance mechanisms of the isolates accurately. Further studies with a larger number of isolates, including the new antibiotics ceftolozane/tazobactam and ceftazidime/avibactam, are needed for a more comprehensive comparison.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2024;37(1): 88-92 [Full-text PDF]