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Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; June 21

Effectiveness of 12 week ledipasvir/sofosbuvir and predictors of treatment failure in patients with hepatitis C

JUAN CARLOS DEL RIO-VALENCIA, ROCÍO ASENSI-DIEZ, ROCÍO TAMAYO-BERMEJO, ISABEL MUÑOZ-CASTILLO

Introduction. The efficacy of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) have been demonstrated in randomized controlled trials, however,there is an unmet need for real-world effectiveness data. It is important to gather data regarding potential predictors of treatment failure with (LDV/SOF). Predictors of sustained virologic response (SVR) to all-oral HCV regimens can inform nuanced treatment decisions. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of LDV/SOF, SVR12 as main endpoint and SVR24 as second endpoint, and identify predictors of treatment failure.
Material and methods. Retrospective and observational study carried out from April 2015 to January 2016. Inclusion criteria: patients with HCV infection treated with LDV/SOF for 12 weeks during study period. The patients that were treated during 24 weeks were excluded as well as those treated with peg-interferon. Binary logistic regression was used to predict what variable was associated with treatment failure.
Results. A total of 122 patients were analyzed achieving SVR12 91.80% (112/122) of them. The patients with HCV genotype (GT) 1a or GT1b or GT4 achieved SVR12. Only one pre-treated non-cirrhotic HCV GT1 patients relapsed to treatment. The lowest SVR12 were obtained for GT3, 43.75%, (7/16). Everybody that got SVR12 achieved SVR24. None of the variables analyzed significantly influenced the SVR12, except GT (p=0.001). Almost all the relapses occurred in GT3.
Conclusion. LDV/SOF combination has been very effective to treat GT1 and GT4 infected patients, however, has constituted a suboptimal therapeutic option for those patients infected with GT3, regardless of the rest of the variables analyzed.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; June 21 [Full-text PDF]