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Rev Esp Quimioter 2021; March 22

Temporary hospitals in times of the COVID pandemic. An example and a practical view

FRANCISCO JAVIER CANDEL, JESÚS CANORA, ANTONIO ZAPATERO, RAQUEL BARBA, JUAN GONZÁLEZ DEL CASTILLO, GONZALO GARCÍA-CASASOLA, JESÚS SAN-ROMÁN, RUTH GIL-PRIETO, PABLO BARREIRO, MARCOS FRAGIEL, FERNANDO PRADOS, PABLO BUSCA, JESÚS VÁZQUEZ-CASTRO, JAVIER MARCO

Published: 22 March 2021

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/041.2021

We describe the most widely used temporary hospital in Europe during the first pandemic wave, its structure, function, and achievements. Other models of care developed during the pandemic around the world were reviewed including their capacity, total bed/ICU bed ratio and time of use. We particularly analyzed the common and differential characteristics of this type of facilities. IFEMA Exhibition Center was transformed into a temporary 1,300-bed hospital, which was in continuous operation for 42 days. A total of 3,817 people were treated, generally patients with mild to moderate COVID-19, 91% of whom had pneumonia. The average length of stay was 5 to 36 days. The most frequent comorbidities were hypertension (16.5%), diabetes mellitus (9.1%), COPD (6%), asthma (4.6%), obesity (2.9%) and dementia (1.6%). A total of 113 patients (3%) were transferred to another centers for aggravation, 19 (0.5%) were admitted to ICU and 16 patients (0.4%) died. An element of great help to reducing the overload of care in large hospitals during peaks of health emergencies could be these flexible structures capable of absorbing the excess of patients. These must be safe, breaking domestic transmission and guarantee social and emotional needs of patients. The success of these structures depends on delimitation in admission criteria taking into account the proportion of patients who may require, during admission, assistance in the critical care area.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2021; March 22 [Full-text PDF]