Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(1):35-42
Infective endocarditis treated in a secondary hospital: epidemiological, clinical, microbiological characteristics and prognosis, with special reference to patients transferred to a third level hospital
ANA ISABEL PELÁEZ BALLESTA, ELISA GARCÍA VÁZQUEZ, JOAQUÍN GÓMEZ GÓMEZ
Published: 30 November 2021
Introduction. To analyse the clinical and epidemiological characteristics and mortality-related factors of patients admitted to a secondary hospital with Infective Endocarditis (IE).
Methods. Observational study of a cohort of patients who have been diagnosed with IE in a secondary hospital and evaluated in accordance with a pre-established protocol.
Results. A total of 101 cases were evaluated (years 2000-2017), with an average age of 64 years and a male-to-female ratio of 2:1. 76% of the cases had an age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index of >6, with 21% having had a dental procedure and 36% with a history of heart valve disease. The most common microorganism was methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (36%), with bacterial focus of unknown origin in 54%. The diagnostic delay time was 12 days in patients who were transferred, compared to 8 days in patients who were not transferred (p=0.07); the median surgery indication delay time was 5 days (IQR 13.5). The in-hospital mortality rate was 34.6% and the prognostic factors independently associated with mortality were: cerebrovascular events (OR 98.7%, 95% CI, 70.9–164.4); heart failure (OR 27.3, 95% CI, 10.2–149.1); and unsuitable antibiotic treatment (OR 7.2, 95% CI, 1.5–10.5). The mortality rate of the patients who were transferred and who therefore underwent surgery was 20% (5/25).
Conclusions. The onset of cerebrovascular events, heart failure and unsuitable antibiotic treatment are independently and significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. The mortality rate was higher than the published average (35%); the diagnostic delay was greater in patients for whom surgery was indicated.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(1):35-42 [Full-text PDF]