Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(6):544-550
Clinical characteristics and prognosis of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia
ROSA GARCÍA FENOLL, MARÍA ESPINOSA PÉREZ, SARAY MORMENEO BAYO, VIOLETA FRUTOS MILLÁN, MARÍA CARMEN MARTÍNEZ JIMÉNEZ, ROSA MARÍA MARTÍNEZ ÁLVAREZ, MARÍA PILAR PALACIÁN RUIZ, MARÍA CRUZ VILLUENDAS USÓN, CARLOS RAMOS PAESA
Published: 7 October 2022
Introduction. Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia patients characteristics at a tertiary hospital are described, and complications, mortality and associated factors are analyzed.
Methods. Data from patients with S. aureus bacteremia admitted between March 2020 and February2021 at Miguel Servet university hospital in Zaragoza were retrospectively analyzed.
Results. Results showed a 14 days mortality of 24.2% and an 30 days mortality of 40%. Overall survival decreased with complications appearance [HR 3.1 (1.2-8.05)] and age over 65 years [HR 3.1 (1.4-6.6)]. The adjusted analysis showed correlation between a higher mortality at 14 and 30 days with age over 65 years [OR 6.3 (1.7-23.1)], sepsis presence [OR 19.3 (5.4-68.7)] and number of positive (+) blood cultures ≥3 [OR 5.4 (0.8-34.1)]. Mortality at 14 days was associated with sepsis presence [OR 58.2 (5.7-592.9)], number of positive (+) blood cultures ≥3 [OR 14.1 (1.1-173.7)] and an older age [OR 1.1 (1.03-1.1)]. Analyzing time to positive blood cultures ≤12 hours and number of positive blood cultures ≥ 3 at the same time, frequency of sepsis increased [30 patients (66.6%) vs 15 patients (33.3%); OR 3.4 (IC95% 1.5-8)].
Conclusions. High 14- and 30-days mortality were found, as well as a worse evolution in older age patients, with sepsis presence, and with greater number of positive blood cultures and times to positive blood cultures ≤12 h.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(6):544-550 [Texto completo PDF]