Rev Esp Quimioter 2022;35(Suppl.3):41-45
Update on antimicrobial pharmacotherapy against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli
EMILIO MASEDA, ALEJANDRO SUÁREZ DE LA RICA
Published: 24 October 2022
Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-producing organisms currently represent a major health problem. Although recently published guidelines still consider carbapenems as the treatment of choice for ESBL-producing infections, it is necessary to find non-carbapenem β-lactams as alternatives to reduce the effects associated with their overutilization. In this review we focus on these alternatives to carbepenem use. It is possible that piperacillin-tazobactam may be an alternative in clinical settings with “low inoculum” infections like urinary tract infections. Newer β-lactam-β-lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) are potential options too. The current available data support the efficacy of both ceftazidime-avibactam and ceftolozane-tazobactam against susceptible ESBL-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-E). We are waiting for the results of MERINO-3 study to confirm whether ceftolozane-tazobactam is a good option versus meropenem for treating bloodstream infections caused by ESBL- or AmpC-producing Enterobacterales.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(Suppl.3):41-45 [Full-text PDF]