Rev Esp Quimioter 2022;35(Suppl.2):28-34
Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics and tolerability of cefiderocol in the clinical setting
JOSÉ RAMÓN AZANZA PEREA, BELÉN SÁDABA DÍAZ DE RADA
Published: 4 October 2022
Cefiderocol is a new cephalosporin with a catechol in its chemical structure faciliting its access to the interior of bacteria through iron channels. In addition, it is broadly stable to beta-lactamases. The pharmacokinetic profile is a beta-lactam one: no oral absorption, and with a wide distribution within the vascular space and the interstitial fluid of well vascularized tissues, reaching therapeutic concentrations in the alveolar lavage fluid and within the macrophage. The binding of cefiderocol to human plasma proteins, primarily albumin, is moderate (range 40-60%). The terminal elimination half-life in healthy adult subjects was 2 to 3 hours. Cefiderocol is mainly renally eliminated, so dose adjustments are recommended in subjects with moderate / severe renal impairment, in case of dialysis, and probably in patients with external clearance. Like other beta-lactams, the PK / PD parameter that has been shown to best correlate with efficacy is the efficacy time of unbound plasma concentrations (%fT>MIC), which must be close to 100% to achieve a bactericidal effect. This is possible with 2 g in a 3-hour infusion every 8 hours. In controlled trials appears to be well tolerated, similar to comparators: meropenem or imipenem-cilastatin. Cefiderocol has no apparent clinically significant effect on ECG parameters nor on plasma iron values.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(Suppl. 2):28-34 [Full-text PDF]