Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; 31(4): 363-366
Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women attending antenatal care in southern Ethiopia
JEMAL JULA, GUILLERMO GIRONES, BEYENE EDAO, CHALA DEME, JOSEFINA CEBRIAN, LIDIA BUTRÓN, FRANCISCO REYES, JOSÉ M. RAMOS
Objetives. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and possible risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii (toxoplasmosis) infection in pregnant women attending antenatal care at Gambo General Rural Hospital, southern Ethiopia.
Methods. Hospital-based, prospective cross-sectional study. We collected 401 serum samples from September 1 to October 30, 2015, along with sociodemographic data and data on potential risk factors, using a simple random sampling technique.
Results. The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii in pregnant women (mean age 23.1 years) was 23.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 20.0, 28.3). We did not find any significant risk factors associated with seropositivity in relation with participants’ level of education; occupation; contact with cats; consumption of raw or uncooked meat, vegetables, or milk; or type of flooring (soil versus cement) at home. The women who were aware of the risk of toxoplasma infection on the fetus had fewer T. gondii antibodies. Drinking unsafe water was as-sociated with a higher risk of toxoplasmosis (p = 0.08).
Conclusion. The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis among pregnant women was relatively lower.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2018; 31(4): 363-366 [Full-text PDF]