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Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; December 3

Dual therapy with raltegravir plus a fixed dose combination of darunavir/ritonavir in people living with HIV in Argentina

FERNANDA ROMBINI, DIEGO M. CECCHINI, JAMILE BALLIVIAN, MARA HUBERMAN, ANALÍA URUEÑA, ISABEL CASSETTI

Published: 3 December 2020

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/090.2020

Objective. There are generic fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) of ritonavir-boosted darunavir (DRV/r) available in Argentina. Experiences with these FDCs in dual therapy remain limited in clinical practice. We aimed to describe clinical and virologic outcomes in patients exposed to FDC DRV/r + raltegravir (RAL) 400 mg every 12 h in a real-life setting.
Patients and methods. Retrospective analysis of electronic medical records of HIV-infected patients under FDC DRV/r + RAL in an HIV clinic in Argentina (2014-2018). Individuals were classified as “switch group” (SG, undetectable viral load [VL] with any toxicity/comorbidity) and “virologic group· (VG, detectable viremia and infection by multidrug-resistant HIV).
Results. Of 7,380 patients on ART, 116 (1.5%) received FDC DRV/r + RAL, being 58% in SG. Sixty percent received DRV/r 800/100 mg dose (rest, 600/100 mg). The median (IQR) age and CD4+ T-cell count were: 52 (42-58) years, and 373 cell/µL (202-642). Ninety-eight percent were ART-experienced with a median of 3 (IQR 2-5) prior treatments. Main reasons for switch (SG) were renal (57%), cardiovascular (54%) and bone (14%) comorbidities. Median exposure to DRV/r + RAL was 18 months. Among patients in SG, 98% and 96% had undetectable VL at 6 and 12 months; in the VG, 89% and 87% had undetectable VL at 6 and 12 months. No patient required suspension due to toxicity/ intolerance.
Conclusion. In this cohort of mostly experienced HIV-infected patients, FDC DRV/r + RAL was effective and safe. Such therapy may be considered an option for patients with comorbid conditions and/or with multidrug-resistant HIV.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; December 3 [Full-text PDF]