Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; 33(5): 358-368
Healthcare-associated pneumonia: a prospective study in Spain
FRANCISCO ARNAÍZ DE LAS REVILLAS, DOLORES SOUSA, CARMEN ARDANUY, CAROLINA GARCÍA-VIDAL, MIGUEL MONTEJO, REGINO RODRÍGUEZ-ÁLVAREZ, JUAN PASQUAU, EMILIO BOUZA, JOSÉ A. OTEO, CÉSAR BALSEIRO, CRISTINA MÉNDEZ, NADIA LWOFF, PEDRO LLINARES, MARÍA CARMEN FARIÑAS, ON BEHALF OF THE SOCRATES STUDY GROUP
Published: 22 July 2020
Objective. The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics and factors related to outcome in Streptococcus pneumoniae and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP).
Patients and method. A 3-year prospective observational epidemiological case study of HCAP was conducted in seven Spanish hospitals. Microbiological and patient characteristics and outcomes were collected and classified by causative pathogen into 4 categories: “S. pneumoniae”, “MRSA”, “Others” and “Unknown”. Patients were followed up 30 days after discharge.
Results. A total of 258 (84.6%) patients were enrolled (170 were men [65.9%]). Mean age was 72.4 years ± 15 years (95% CI [70.54-74.25]). The etiology of pneumonia was identified in 73 cases (28.3%): S. pneumoniae in 35 patients (13.6%), MRSA in 8 (3.1%), and other microorganisms in 30 patients (11.6%). Significant differences in rates of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p < 0.05), previous antibiotic treatment (p< 0.05), other chronic respiratory diseases, inhaled corticosteroids (p < 0.01), and lymphoma (p < 0.05) were observed among the four groups. Patients with MRSA pneumonia had received more previous antibiotic treatment (87.5%). Thirty-three (12.8%) patients died during hospitalisation; death in 27 (81.2%) was related to pneumonia.
Conclusions. The etiology of HCAP was identified in only one quarter of patients, with S. pneumoniae being the most prevalent microorganism. Patients with chronic respiratory diseases more frequently presented HCAP due to MRSA than to S. pneumoniae. Death at hospital discharge was related in most cases to pneumonia.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; 33(5): 358-368 [Full-text PDF]