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Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; September 18

SARS-CoV-2 screening of asymptomatic women admitted for delivery must be performed with a combination of microbiological techniques: an observational study

MARIA CARMEN VIÑUELA, JUAN ANTONIO DE LEÓN-LUIS, ROBERTO ALONSO, PILAR CATALÁN, SANTIAGO LIZARRAGA, PATRICIA MUÑOZ, EMILIO BOUZA, ON BEHALF OF THE GREGORIO MARAÑÓN OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY-ID COVID 19 STUDY GROUP

Published: 18 September 2020

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/088.2020

Introduction. The aim of this study is to assess the value of systematic screening in asymptomatic women admitted for spontaneous delivery with a combination of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cycle threshold (Ct) and serum antibodies.
Material and methods. Since May 6 all women admitted for spontaneous delivery underwent RT-PCR in nasopharyngeal swabs and specific antibodies IgG of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in serum that were performed as part of routine clinical care in our institution. Ct of the PCR was recorded. We analyzed the first 100 women consecutively admitted for spontaneous delivery at our institution.
Results. Nine women were positive for SARS-CoV-2 in nasopharyngeal samples (9%) and 13 (13%) presented positive specific antibodies of the coronavirus. Overall, SARS-CoV-2 prior exposure was 15%. The Ct determination (RT-PCR test)
of our 9 positive patients ranged from 36 to 41 cycles with a median of 40. Vaginal delivery occurred in 94% of the cases and only 6% underwent a cesarean section, always for obstetric reasons. No fetal transmission was observed and maternal and neonatal prognosis was excellent.
Conclusions. During epidemic episodes in asymptomatic women in labor, universal testing with RT-PCR (considering Ct determination), and the detection of antibodies, permits a better interpretation of the results and avoid unnecessary isolation procedures.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; September 18 [Full-text PDF]