,

Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; September 22

Description of Influenza B in seasonal epidemic in Cantabria during the beginning of the pandemia due to SARS-CoV-2

DANIEL PABLO-MARCOS, ANA RODRÍGUEZ-FERNÁNDEZ, MÓNICA GOZALO, JESÚS AGÜERO, FRANCISCO ARNAIZ DE LAS REVILLAS, JORGE CALVO

Published: 22 September 2020

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/077.2020

Introduction. Co-circulation of the two Influenza B lineages hinders forecast of strain to include in trivalent vaccine. Autonomous Communities such as Cantabria continue without supplying tetravalent vaccine. The aim of this study was to analyse epidemiological characteristics of influenza type B in Cantabria (2019-2020 season) as well as to establish the predominant lineage and its relation to the recommended vaccine.
Methods. Retrospective study whereby flu diagnosis and lineage analysis were determined by RT-PCR.
Results. All samples belonged to the Victoria lineage. Most prevalent viral co-infection was due to SARS-CoV-2. The population affected by influenza B was mainly paediatric and non-vaccinated patients more frequently required hospital admittance.
Conclusions. Influenza type B has a higher incidence in the paediatric population and type A affects more the adult population. Only 28.8% of patients with Influenza B that presented with some underlying condition or risk factor were vaccinated. This shows the need to increase coverage with tetravalent vaccines in order to reduce the burden of disease associated with the Influenza B virus.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2020; September 22 [Texto completo PDF]