Rev Esp Quimioter 2021;34(5):450-458

Infections in patients colonized with carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria in a medium Spanish city


Published: 8 June 2021


Objective. Because there are few studies on the clinical implications of colonization by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria (CRB) this was analyzed in rectal smears (RS) and pharyngeals (PS) and its ability to predict infection/colonization.
Methodology. A cross-sectional, retrospective study from adult inpatients between January 2016 and December 2019 was conducted. The isolates were characterized by MicroScan and spectrometry of masses applying EUCAST 2018 cutoff points. The detection of carbapenemases was performed by PCR and Sanger sequencing; sequencies was assigned by MLST. The genetic relationship between the clinical isolates was made by pulsed field electrophoresis using the enzymes Xbal, Spel or Apal.
Results. A total of 308 (86.03%) RS and 50 (13.97%) positive PS were detected, the RS had a 85% sensibility, 100% specificity, 100% positive predictive value and 97% negative predictive value. In RS, the following were isolated: 44% (n=135) Acinetobacter baumannii, 26% (n =80) Enterobacterales (20 KPC, 29 OXA-48, 22 VIM, 2 IMP, 7 NDM), 17% (n=53) Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 13% (n=40) Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. In the PS were isolated 44% (n=22) S. maltophilia, 40% (n = 20) A. baumannii, 8% (n=4) P. aeruginosa and 8% (n=4) Enterobacterales (3 VIM, 1 OXA). From the patients with simultaneous RS and PS, 41 (40.6%) had positivity in both smears, 45 (44.6%) only in RS and 15 (14.9%) only in PS. Colonization preceded infection in 81.3% (n=13) of the isolates; association between infection and colonization was found (p<0.001; χ2); and the episodes where the information was found all the isolates from the clinical samples and from the smears were similar.
Conclusions. The probability of predicting infection through the CRB colonized in different clinical samples is feasible. The RS has a major sensibility to detect colonization.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2021;34(5):450-458 [Texto completo PDF]