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Rev Esp Quimioter 2021; October 8

Increased severity in SARS-CoV-2 infection of minorities in Spain

ADRIÁN VALLS CARBÓ, JUAN GONZÁLEZ DEL CASTILLO, OSCAR MIRÓ, PEDRO LOPEZ-AYALA, SONIA JIMENEZ, JAVIER JACOB, CARLOS BIBIANO, F. JAVIER MARTÍN-SÁNCHEZ

Published: 8 October 2021

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/099.2021

Introduction. With the global spread of COVID-19, studies in the US and UK have shown that certain communities have been strongly impacted by COVID-19 in terms of incidence and mortality. The objective of the study was to determine social determinants of health among COVID-19 patients hospitalized in the two major cities of Spain.
Material and methods. A multicenter retrospective case series study was performed collecting administrative databases of all COVID-19 patients ≥18 years belonging to two centers in Madrid and two in Barcelona (Spain) collecting data from 1st March to 15th April 2020. Variables obtained age, gender, birthplace and residence ZIP code. From ZIP code we obtained per capita income of the area. Predictors of the outcomes were explored through generalized linear mixed-effects models, using center as random effect.
Results. There were 5,235 patients included in the analysis. After multivariable analysis adjusted by age, sex, per capita income, population density, hospital experience, center and hospital saturation, patients born in Latin American countries were found to have an increase in ICU admission rates (OR 1.56 [1.13-2.15], p<0.01) but no differences were found in the same model regarding mortality (OR 1.35 [0.95-1.92], p=0.09).
Conclusions. COVID-19 severity varies widely, not only depending on biological but also socio-economic factors. With the emerging evidence that this subset of population is at higher risk of poorer outcomes, targeted public health strategies and studies are needed.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2021; October 8 [Full-text PDF]