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Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; November 23

Potentially inappropriate medications according to Marc, STOPP and PRISCUS criteria in a cohort of elderly HIV+ patients. The COMMPI project

PATRICIA GARCÍA-LLORET, YOLANDA BORREGO-IZQUIERDO, MERCEDES MANZANO-GARCÍA, MARÍA G. CANTILLANA-SUÁREZ, ANTONIO GUTIÉRREZ-PIZARRAYA, RAMÓN MORILLO-VERDUGO

Published: 23 November 2022

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/070.2022

Introduction. The objective is to determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drugs according to the Marc, STOPP, and PRISCUS lists in elderly HIV patients.
Patients and methods. It was an observational, retrospective, and multicenter study. People living with HIV 65 years or older who underwent chronic concomitant treatment were included. Descriptive and multivariate analyzes were performed to study the association between polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medication compliance.
Results. A total of 55 patients were included, 81.8% men and a median age of 69 years (IQR: 67-73). The median number of comorbidities was 3 (IQR: 2-5) and the most frequent pattern of multimorbidity was cardiometabolic (62.9%). The predominant antiretroviral treatment was triple therapy (65.5%). Polypharmacy was present in 70.9% of the patients and 25.5% had major polypharmacy. The most frequent polypharmacy pattern was cardiovascular (69.2%). The percentage of potentially inappropriate medications according to the Marc, STOPP and PRISCUS lists was 65.5%, 30.9% and 14.5%, respectively (p<0.001). Adjusted for age and sex, polypharmacy was not independently associated with potentially inappropriate medication compliance in any of the lists.
Conclusion. Polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications have a high prevalence. There is great variability in the percentage according to the list applied. Age, sex, and presence of polypharmacy are not predisposing factors to the presence of potentially inappropriate medications.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; November 23 [Full-text PDF]