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Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; November 4

Time to decision in sepsis

RICARD FERRER, JUAN GONZÁLEZ DEL CASTILLO, MARÍA MARTÍNEZ-MARTÍNEZ, ERIKA P. PLATA-MENCHACA, M. NIEVES LARROSA

Published: 4 November 2022

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/083.2022

Introduction. This study aimed to identify the common barriers leading to delayed initial management, microbiological diagnosis, and appropriate empirical antimicrobial treatment in sepsis.
Patients and methods. A cross-sectional study was performed by the application of a population-based survey. Four different surveys were designed, targeting the healthcare personnel located in main hospital areas [emergency department (SEMES); infectious diseases and clinical microbiology-microbiological diagnosis (SEIMC-M); intensive care and infectious diseases, (SEMICYUC-GTEIS); and infectious diseases and clinical microbiology-clinical diagnosis, (SEIMC-C)].
Results. A total of 700 valid surveys were collected from June to November 2019: 380 (54.3%) of SEMES, 127 (18.1%) of SEIMC-M, 97 (13.9%) de SEMICYUC-GTEIS and 96 (13.7%) of SEIMC-C, in 270 hospitals of all levels of care. The qSOFA score was used as a screening tool. The most used biomarker was procalcitonin (n=92, 39.8%). The sepsis code was implemented in 157 of 235
participating centers (66.2%), particularly in tertiary level hospitals. The mean frequency of contaminated blood cultures was 8.9% (8.7). In 85 (78.7%) centers, positive results of blood cultures were available within the first 72 hours and were communicated to the treating physician effectively by phone or e-mail in 76 (81.7%) cases. The main reason for escalating treatment was clinical deterioration, and the reason for de-escalating antimicrobials was significantly different between the specialties. Quality indicators were not frequently monitored among the different participating centers.
Conclusion. There are significant barriers that hinder adequate management processes in sepsis in Spanish hospitals.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; November 4 [Full-text PDF] [Supplementary-material PDF]