Rev Esp Quimioter 2024; 37(1): 52-57

Evaluation of Sysmex UF-5000 flow cytometer flag BACT-info for Gram discrimination in urinary tract infection


Published: 11 December 2023


Introduction. Urine culture as a gold standard for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) involves a considerable workload in Clinical Microbiology Departments, due to the high number of samples received that will ultimately be negative. Therefore, it is necessary to use screening systems that also reduce the turnaround time for UTI diagnosis. The new flow cytometer UF-5000 (Sysmex Corporation) is able to differentiate between Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria using the BACT-info parameter according to manufacturer. The aim of our study was to evaluate the gram discrimination ability of the UF-5000 cytometer.
Methods. A prospective study with 449 urine samples collected consecutively was conducted, in the period 7/3/2022-27/5/2022, in which the BACT-info flag was compared with urine culture as the reference method.
Results. The sensitivity obtained for both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria was above 95%. However, for Gram-positive bacteria, the moderate Kappa index (0.49) and the low positive predictive value (37.1%) indicated that the correlation between BACT-info flag and urine culture was not acceptable and should not be reported to the requesting clinician.
Conclusion. Implementation of the third generation UF-5000 cytometer represents a significant advance in the aetiological orientation of UTIs caused by Gram-negative bacteria. Reporting the Gram morphology in the urine samples reduces the response time in the microbiological diagnosis of UTI, which would have an impact on the reduction and optimisation of empirical treatment, and thus on the generation of antimicrobial resistance.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2024; 37(1): 52-57 [Texto completo PDF]