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Rev Esp Quimioter 2024 January 19

Comparison of quality of life in patients living with HIV infection through pharmaceutical care according to CMO methodology vs. conventional follow-up. MAS-VIH project

JOSÉ MANUEL MARTÍNEZ SESMERO, LUIS MARGUSINO FRAMIÑAN, MERCEDES GIMENO GRACIA, VERA ÁREAS DEL ÁGUILA, HERMINIA NAVARRO AZNARES, MARÍA JOSÉ HUERTAS FERNÁNDEZ, EMILIO MOLINA CUADRADO, PILAR DÍAZ RUIZ, MARÍA TERESA MARTIN CONDE, ELENA ALONSO GRANDES, ALICIA LÁZARO LÓPEZ, RAMÓN MORILLO VERDUGO

Published: 19 January 2024

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/105.2023

Objective. To compare quality of life, in patients living with HIV infection with pharmaceutical care according to the CMO methodology: capacity, motivation and opportunity versus conventional follow-up.
Method. Longitudinal, prospective, multicenter, health intervention study, conducted between October 2019 and November 2021 in 14 centers throughout Spain. Patients over 18 years of age, receiving antiretroviral treatment and attending the consultations of the participating Pharmacy Services for 1 year were included. Patients who did not have the autonomy to complete the planned questionnaires were excluded. At baseline, participating centers were randomized to continue using the same systematics of work (traditional follow-up) or to implement the CMO model using patient stratification models, goal setting in relation to pharmacotherapy, use of motivational interviewing, as well as longitudinal follow-up enabled by new technologies. The main variable was the difference in the number of dimensions positively affected in each follow-up arm at 24 weeks of follow-up according to the MOS-HIV questionnaire. In the CMO group, the interventions performed the most frequently were recorded.
Results. 151 patients were included. The median age was 51.35 years. A significant improvement in quality of life was found at the end of follow-up in the CMO group, reducing the number of patients with negatively affected dimensions (2/11 vs 8/11). The most frequent interventions carried out in the CMO group, according to the taxonomy, were Motivation (51,7%) and review and validation (49,4%).
Conclusions. The quality of life of patients is higher in those centers that develop Pharmaceutical Care based on the CMO methodology compared to traditional follow-up.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2024; January 19 [Texto completo PDF]


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