Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; 32(Suppl. 2):35-37
The pharmacodynamic bases of the prescription of antimicrobials
JOSÉ RAMÓN AZANZA PEREA
In the past, the dose of an antibiotic was chosen, always from among those that were well tolerated, by considering those with the ability to exceed the MIC of bacteria in plasma. This approach, which has still not widely changed, is contrast-ed with the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationships, which indicate that the efficacy of antibiotics is directly related to parameters that relate the sequence of con-centrations over time with a parameter of the MIC effect in vitro. Until now, three types of PK/PD relationships have been established for antibiotics: the inhibitory coefficient (Cmax/MIC), the efficacy time (T>CMI) and the relationship between the exposure of the drug and the MIC (AUC/MIC).
Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; 32(Suppl. 2):35-37 [Full-text PDF]