Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; 32(3):263-267
Resistance to HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitors in Argentina: first interim survey
DIEGO M. CECCHINI, SONIA CASTILLO, GASTÓN COPERTARI, VERÓNICA LACAL, CLAUDIA G. RODRIGUEZ, ISABEL CASSETTI
Objectives. No data on resistance to HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitors (InSTIs) in Argentina are available as access to these drugs and to integrase genotypic resistance test is limited. We aimed to evaluate the clinical profile of patients who underwent an integrase genotypic resistance test, prevalence of InSTI resistance mutations and predicted efficacy of raltegravir, elvitegravir and dolutegravir in our country.
Patients and methods. Retrospective multicentric pilot survey from January 2011 to November 2017 of InSTI-failing patients assisted at two private and one public healthcare institutions located in Buenos Aires city, Argentina.
Results. Sixty seven patients were included. Patients had a median of 5 (4-7) prior treatments. All patients had InSTI-containing regimens (median exposure of 22.5 months); 94% were under raltegravir therapy and 71.9% had InSTI-resistance mutations. Predominant major mutations were N155H (35.1%), Q148H/R (15.8%) and G140A/S (14%). Considering Stanford HIVdb program, extremely low and identical activity of raltegravir and elvitegravir was described while dolutegravir remained either partially or fully active in 97.7% of patients.
Conclusions. Integrase resistance test was prescribed almost exclusively in heavily pretrated raltegravir-exposed patients. The three main mutational pathways were described, with a predominance of N155H. Despite almost null susceptibility and extensive cross resistance was shown among raltegravir and elvitegravir, dolutegravir remains active in the majority of patients.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2019; 32(3):263-267 [Full-text PDF]