Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(2):165-170
Sonication did not provide reliability to Maki technique for catheter related bloodstream infection diagnosis
LEONARDO LORENTE, MARÍA LECUONA, ALEJANDRA PÉREZ-LLOMBET, ADRIANA GONZÁLEZ-MESA, MANUEL CALLEJÓN, TERESA DELGADO MELIAN, INÉS OLAYA GARCIA, ALEJANDRO JIMÉNEZ, MARÍA LUISA MORA, ANA MADUEÑO
Published: 17 January 2022
Objective. The aim of our study was to analyze sonication and Maki techniques for diagnosis of catheter tip colonization and catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) on patients admitted to ICU.
Material and methods. Observational and prospective study in one Intensive Care Unit. Patients with some central venous catheter (CVC) at least for 7 days and catheter-related infection (CRI) suspicion (new episode of fever or sepsis) were included. We performed Maki technique followed by sonication of catheter tip. We compared area under the curve (AUC) of Maki, sonication, and techniques combination to diagnosis catheter tip colonization and CRBSI.
Results. We included 94 CVC from 87 CRI suspicion episodes. We found 14 cases of catheter tip colonization and 10 cases of CRBSI. Of the 14 catheter tip colonization cases, 7 (50.0%) were detected by Maki and sonication techniques, 6 (42.9%) were detected only by Maki technique, and 1 (7.1%) was detected only by sonication technique. Of the 10 CRBSI, 6 (60.0%) were detected by Maki and sonication techniques, 4 (40.0%) were detected only by Maki technique, and any only by sonication technique. We found higher AUC in Maki technique than in sonication technique to diagnosis of CRBSI (p=0.02) and to diagnosis of catheter tip colonization (p=0.03). No significant differences were found in AUC between Maki technique and combination techniques for diagnosis of catheter tip colonization (p=0.32) and of CRBSI (p=0.32).
Conclusion. Sonication did not provide reliability to Maki technique for diagnosis of catheter tip colonization and CRBSI.
Rev Esp Quimioter 2022; 35(2):165-170 [Full-text PDF]