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Rev Esp Quimioter 2024 January 23

Is it in their eyes? Correlation between microorganisms isolated from bronchial aspirates and conjunctival swabs in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

JORGE LIGERO-LÓPEZ, LUIS ESCOSA-GARCÍA, CRISTINA SCHÜFFELMANN-GUTIÉRREZ, MARÍA LAPLAZA-GONZÁLEZ, MARÍA INMACULADA QUILES-MELERO, FRANCISCO MORENO-RAMOS, FERNANDO BAQUERO-ARTIGAO, JUANA CACHO-CALVO, EMILIO CENDEJAS-BUENO

Published: 23 January 2024

http://www.doi.org/10.37201/req/116.2023

Objectives. Our observational, retrospective study aimed to determine the correlation between bacteria isolated from bronchial aspirates of pediatric ICU patients (PICU) with respiratory infections and those obtained from conjunctival swabs of the same patients exhibiting clinical conjunctivitis.
Material and methods. Throughout the period from 2015 to 2022, we reviewed all clinically significant bronchial aspirates (≥105 CFU/mL) and positive conjunctival swabs obtained from PICU patients. These records were retrieved from the microbiology database, cross-referencing the data to identify patients who tested positive for both during the same clinical episode.
Results. The median age of the patients was 5 months (interquartile range: 1-7). Among the cohort, twenty-one patients exhibited positivity in both bronchial aspirate and conjunctival swab samples, showcasing a microbial match in 85.71% of cases (18 out of 21). The most frequently isolated microorganisms were Haemophilus influenzae (55.6%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (14.3%), Klebsiella aerogenes (9.5%), and Escherichia coli, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and Enterobacter cloacae, each accounting for 4.8% of the isolates.
Conclusions. Our study demonstrates a strong concordance between the isolated microorganisms from both samples in patients presenting clear symptoms of clinical conjunctivitis. These findings provide a basis for future prospective studies that may leverage conjunctival swabs as a predictive tool for identifying microorganisms involved in respiratory infections.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2024; January 23 [Full-text PDF]


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